Summary of the Symposium
“The Future of Europe”
Gavdos Island, Hellas
The entire European civilization sprung from the loins of the Pythagorean School and PIFEA (Pythagorean Institute of Philosophical Studies for the Immortality of Man) recognizes its responsibility for the mode of thinking, the history and the present condition of Europe.
It so happened, that already in the ancient times, the rule that philosophy has a priority over particular interests of unconnected sciences and beliefs, was broken. Today’s Europe adheres to the remnants of philosophical tragedies that led to the present-day chaos. Because of that, PIFEA must analyze the present condition of Europe and has to construct the viable ways for developing the European civilization.
PIFEA confines itself to the issues of European construction, since it considers Europe a wholesome entity that can be internally organized. Other cultures are neighbours and can be viewed from other perspectives but from the same level of philosophical aspirations based on the postulates, traditions etc., inherent to these cultures.
We are not going to present here the essence of the Pythagorean reasoning. This is not today’s topic. Simply, on the basis of the aforementioned reasoning, we would like to define some points on the future organization of Europe as a whole.
The integrity of Europe
The integrity of Europe is based on its natural continental borders. The Eastern border of Europe is Ural Mountains, the Western one – the Atlantic Ocean, and the Southern one – the Black and Mediterranean seas.
Integrity here is understood as a complete set of characteristics of members striving to bring their input into the whole of the European organism. That is why we do not take into consideration the existence of states or groups of states on the territory of Europe established due to historical, geographical, national, linguistic, economic or other reasons.
European history should be viewed as a sequence of unsuccessful attempts to achieve integrity. Napoleonic, Balkan and Turkish wars, the First and Second World Wars – all are examples of “good intentions” to integrate Europe. These efforts are coloured by specific national understandings of European unity and by often dubious methods to achieve it. The results are well-known- Europe is still divided into parts that defend their own internal interests. Now, in the 21 century, it is possible to create an integrated Europe by other means. Thus, it is necessary to re-evaluate the results of all wars because they determine, to a large degree, the condition of today’s Europe.
Expansion of natural borders
Some countries, after exhausting their internal resources, strove to expand their borders. They stepped far over the limits of the European continent. Russia swallowed all northern part of Asia and reached Alaska. Great Britain reached North America and Australia, Spain and Portugal- South America and so on. The list is long.
In turn, Europe admitted to its interior external, non-European problems. Today they are represented as waves of immigration, demographic chaos inside Europe, war of cultural identities, etc.
These countries by themselves are not capable to deal with the consequences of their aggression. Only Europe as a whole can resolve problems of relationships with external civilizations.
The Eastern part of Europe is now governed by Russia which besides being involved in European questions, has to resolve the problems of huge Asian and Pacific regions. In order to unite with Europe, Russia has to form from itself, three independent parts connected possibly on confederation principals. These parts are: the European part of the Russian Federation up to Ural Mountains, the Asian and Far Eastern parts. Each of these parts shall have broad rights for self-government and for conducting political, economic and other agreements.
On this basis, the European part of Russia, together with Belorussia and Ukraine, can become full members of Europe.
Self-sufficiency of the European household
United Europe, in its natural borders from the Atlantic to the Urals, has all resources necessary for existing in a permanently stable condition. The internal use of resources excludes speculations and expenditures connected with it. Integrated Europe creates a precedent for the existence of a unified economic field, in which all economic parameters can be optimized. It will allow freeing the constituent parts from strict general criteria that are obligatory for all regardless of the specialization of parts within the Union.
The South of Europe
A non-integrated state of Europe does not allow resolving the problems of its South – Hellas, Italy, Spain, Portugal and Caucasus. The priority given to economic approach prevents the possibility to see other, no less important sides of relationships with these countries. Europe can and must reconsider the functions of its constituent parts, according to their specialization in the whole. History gives a hint on the future roles of these countries.
Hellas, the cradle of the European civilization, offered an image of an European together with his way of thinking, his way of life and social relationships. The Roman Empire, in the next phase of European development, proposed the idea of assembling Europe out of different territories under one law. Spain and Portugal, in the third phase, introduced the notion of expanded European borders and the inter-crossing of civilizations.
All these are the working ideas that, of course, require re-evaluation in the context of constantly changing conditions.
Contradictions of partial world-views
The absence of a holistic approach, led to the creation of partial world views that gave birth to such activities as science, religion, politics, economics, etc. They instil their methods into neighbouring areas of life and fight for their own priorities.
The governments become a tool for violence directed both to the outside and the inside of countries. Dispersing a crowd of its own citizens or sending troops to another country demonstrates their inability to find humanitarian solutions.
Religions do not perform miracles, but are active in politics. Their prayers, be it a prayer for rain or for world-peace do not work.
Economy rules people’s behaviour and demands increasing consumption. As a result Europeans became lazy, fat and feeble-minded.
Humanization of activity
Not so long ago, prevalent in building of Europe were social and natural scientific approaches.
Natural sciences got into all areas of life and quickly developed the world of mechanisms and objects, i.e. the world surrounding man. In this world a man himself does not change and looses the need to change. Science becomes a modern myth promising to save an idle common man from diseases, wars and natural disasters.
Socialization of the consciousness of Europeans led to his depersonalization. Man became a resource, a voter, a subject of study, a unit of statistics. Gradually loosing his personal responsibility, he became a mere representative of the interests of some particular doctrine.
The 21st century is the century for primarily a humanitarian approach to human activity, where the notion “human being” means a being of the highest morality and responsibility for the Earth as a whole.
The team of PIFEA wishes Europe consensus on the basic points of the European construction and fruitful results.